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Acetylsalicylic Acid

Chemical Formula: C6H4(OCOCH3)CO2H

Synonyms

2-acetoxybenzoic acid

Description

White odorless crystals

Uses

Acetylsalicylic acid is more commonly known as aspirin. It is used as a pain reliever, to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory.

Acetylsalicylic acid breaks down into salicylic acid 20 minutes after entering the bloodstream. It is the salicylic acid that is responsible for the beneficial effects of aspirin. Salicylic acid itself it too caustic to be taken orally.

Acetylsalicylic acid has anti-clotting effect in the blood.

Salicylic acid reduces inflammation and fever.


acetylsalicylic acid: InChI=1/C9H8O4/c1-6(10)13-8-5-3-2-4-7(8)9(11)12/h2-5H,1H3,(H,11,12)/f/h11H


salicylic acid: InChI=1/C7H6O3/c8-6-4-2-1-3-5(6)7(9)10/h1-4,8H,(H,9,10)/f/h9H


acetaminophen: InChI=1/C8H9NO2/c1-6(10)9-7-2-4-8(11)5-3-7/h2-5,11H,1H3,(H,9,10)


ibuprofen: InChI=1/C13H18O2/c1-9(2)8-11-4-6-12(7-5-11)10(3)13(14)15/h4-7,9-10H,8H2,1-3H3,(H,14,15)
ibuprofen: InChI=1/C13H18O2/c1-9(2)8-11-4-6-12(7-5-11)10(3)13(14)15/h4-7,9-10H,8H2,1-3H3,(H,14,15)/t10-/m1/s1/f/h14H
ibuprofen: InChI=1/C13H18O2/c1-9(2)8-11-4-6-12(7-5-11)10(3)13(14)15/h4-7,9-10H,8H2,1-3H3,(H,14,15)/t10-/m0/s1/f/h14H


naproxen: InChI=1/C14H14O3/c1-9(14(15)16)10-3-4-12-8-13(17-2)6-5-11(12)7-10/h3-9H,1-2H3,(H,15,16)/f/h15H


By Simon Quellen Field


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