Magnetism (6)
Electromagnetism (5)
Electrochemistry (5)
Radio (6)
Thermodynamics (8)
Aerodynamics (3)
Light and Optics (12)
Biology (5)
Mathematics (3)
Computers and Electronics (4)
Ingredients Feedback Science Toys
  Science Blog  

Ingredients --


Chemical Formula:


Ammonium xylenesulfonate
Sodium xylenesulfonate
sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate


Sodium xylenesulfonate (or its ammonium cousin) are hydrotropes -- organic compounds that increase the ability of water to dissolve other molecules.


Xylenesulfonates are used in detergents and shampoos in amounts of up to 10% of the product.

They are surfactants, but they are usually added to thicken a mixture like shampoo, and to help keep some other ingredients in solution. This makes the product clear or transparent, as the cloudy precipitates are put back into solution.

sodium xylenesulfonate: InChI=1/C8H10O3S.Na/c1-6-3-4-8(5-7(6)2)12(9,10)11;/h3-5H,1-2H3,(H,9,10,11);/q;+1/p-1/fC8H9O3S.Na/q-1;m

ammonium xylenesulfonate: InChI=1/C8H10O3S.H3N/c1-6-3-4-8(7(2)5-6)12(9,10)11;/h3-5H,1-2H3,(H,9,10,11);1H3/fC8H9O3S.H4N/h;1H/q-1;+1

sodium dimethylbenzenesulfonate: InChI=1/C8H10O3S.Na/c1-6-3-4-8(5-7(6)2)12(9,10)11;/h3-5H,1-2H3,(H,9,10,11);/q;+1/p-1/fC8H9O3S.Na/q-1;m

By Simon Quellen Field

© Copyright 2019