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Ingredients --

Tramadol

Chemical Formula:

Tramadol

Synonyms

(+/-)cis-2-((Dimethylamino)methyl)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)cyclohexanol hydrochloride

Description

White, odorless, bitter, crystalline powder.

Uses

Tramadol is a pain reliever (analgesic). It's action is similar to opioid narcotics such as codeine and morphine, but it does not depress breathing like they can, and is less prone to abuse and addiction.

Chemistry lesson

Tramadol is an alkaloid, with an amine group (where the nitrogen atom is), which puts it in a group of bitter plant chemicals that often have potent biological activity.

Alkaloids range from the Belladona alkaloids like atropine and scopalomine that are used as poisons, cold remedies, and truth serums, to dextromethorphan, a cough suppressant (anti-tussive).

But the most widely known alkaloids are the opiates, such as morphine, heroin, fentanyl, oxycodone, and methadone. These act on receptors in the brain that are normally activated by small proteins (peptides) called endomorphins or endorphins.


Atropine


Codeine


Fentanyl


Morphine


Heroin


Dextromethorphan


Oxycodone (oxycontin)


Buprenorphine


tramadol: InChI=1/C16H25NO2/c1-17(2)12-14-7-4-5-10-16(14,18)13-8-6-9-15(11-13)19-3/h6,8-9,11,14,18H,4-5,7,10,12H2,1-3H3/t14-,16+/m1/s1


atropine: InChI=1/C17H23NO3/c1-18-13-7-8-14(18)10-15(9-13)21-17(20)16(11-19)12-5-3-2-4-6-12/h2-6,13-16,19H,7-11H2,1H3/t13-,14+,15?,16u


buprenorphine: InChI=1/C29H41NO4/c1-25(2,3)26(4,32)20-15-27-10-11-29(20,33-5)24-28(27)12-13-30(16-17-6-7-17)21(27)14-18-8-9-19(31)23(34-24)22(18)28/h8-9,17,20-21,24,31-32H,6-7,10-16H2,1-5H3/t20-,21-,24-,26?,27-,28+,29?/m1/s1


codeine: InChI=1/C18H21NO3.H2O/c1-19-8-7-18-11-4-5-13(20)17(18)22-16-14(21-2)6-3-10(15(16)18)9-12(11)19;/h3-6,11-13,17,20H,7-9H2,1-2H3;1H2/t11-,12+,13-,17-,18-;/m0./s1


dextromethorphan: InChI=1/C18H25NO/c1-19-10-9-18-8-4-3-5-15(18)17(19)11-13-6-7-14(20-2)12-16(13)18/h6-7,12,15,17H,3-5,8-11H2,1-2H3/t15-,17+,18-/m0/s1


heroin: InChI=1/C21H23NO5/c1-11(23)25-16-6-4-13-10-15-14-5-7-17(26-12(2)24)20-21(14,8-9-22(15)3)18(13)19(16)27-20/h4-7,14-15,17,20H,8-10H2,1-3H3/t14-,15+,17-,20-,21-/m0/s1


morphine: InChI=1/C17H19NO3/c1-18-7-6-17-10-3-5-13(20)16(17)21-15-12(19)4-2-9(14(15)17)8-11(10)18/h2-5,10-11,13,16,19-20H,6-8H2,1H3/t10-,11+,13?,16-,17-/m0/s1


oxycodone: InChI=1/C18H21NO4/c1-19-8-7-17-14-10-3-4-12(22-2)15(14)23-16(17)11(20)5-6-18(17,21)13(19)9-10/h3-4,13,16,21H,5-9H2,1-2H3/t13-,16+,17+,18-/m1/s1


By Simon Quellen Field